Moriori

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Dem Chatman Ailen Moriori
Moriori
Native to Dem Chatman Ailen, Nyuu Ziilan
Region Dem Chatham Ailen
Native speakers unknown (1 i' Chatham Ailen cited 1898)[1]
0 as a sekand laenghwij (2019)
Laenghwij family
Dialects
None
Laenghwij codes
ISO 639-3 None (mis)

Moriori esa Polynesian laenghwij mos rilii riilated t' Nyuu Ziilan Maaori.[2] Ets natiw laenghwij o' dem Moriori, t' endijenus piopel o' dem Chattam Ailen (Moriori: Rēkohu) — an arkipelago o' Nyuu Ziilan, sowth iist o' Nyuu Ziilan's Sowth Ailen. T' las spiika wos Hirawanu Tapu.

Histrei[edit | edit source]

Dem Chatham Ailen's fas Uropean kontakt wos wit' William R. Broughton o' t' Yunitid Kingdum huu lan'd a' 29 Nowemba 1791 an klaim'd dem ailen. Hii renam'd hiis shep, HMS Chatham. Broughton's crewmen intermarrii'd wit' dem laaidiis o' Moriori.[3]

T' enwayshun f' Taranaki haufd a hewii empakt a' Moriori popyulayshun, kulchur an laenghwij, wit' onli 101 Moriori steyin i' 1862,[4] an few tal'n t' laenghwij b' t' 1870s.[5] Tho, Samuel Deighton, Resident Magistrate a' dem Chathams f' 1873 t' 1891, complii'd a short wokabyularii o' dem Moriori werd, wit' deir ekwiwalents i' Māori an Inglish. T' wokabyularii wos publish'd as an appendiks o' Michael King's Moriori: A Piopel Rediiscower'd.

T' jenosiid o' t' Moriori piopel okkur'd durin t' fawl o' 1835. T' enwayshun o' dem Chatham Ailen left dem Moriori piopel an deir kulchur t' dy of. Dos huu surwiiw'd wos iider kept as slaaws o eat'n an Moriori wos nor saankshun'd t' marrii otha Moriori o hauf children wit'i' deir raas. Dis kaus'd deir piopel an deir laenghwij t' b' endanjer'd. Deir wos onli 101 Moriori piopel left outta 2 000 huu haufd surwiiw'd i' 1863.[6]

T' laenghwij wos riimeik'd f' Barry Barclay's 2000 film dokumentarii T' Featas o' Piis,[7] i' a riimeikin o' Moriori kontakt wit' Pākehā an Māori.

I' 2001, as part o' a kulchural riiwiwal moowment, Moriori piopel b'gan attempts t' riiwiwe t' laenghwij, an kompiil'd a database o' dem Moriori werd.[8] Deir esa POLLEX (Polynesian Lexicon Project Online) database o' dem Moriori werd tuu.[9]

T' 2006 Nyuu Ziilan census show'd 945 piopel choosin t' include "Moriori" amonst deir triibal affiliayshuns, compar'd t' 35 piopel i' t' 1901 census.[10]

Klasifikayshun[edit | edit source]

Wan hipotesis tat wos diskredited i' t' 1960s an 1970s staited dem Moriori piopel wos distinkt f' dem Māori set'las o' Nyuu Ziilan, an anotha hipotesis amon dem aarkaeolojists huu biiliew'd tat dem Moriori piopel huu set'l'd a' dem Chatham Ailen wos orijinalii Māori.

T' jiiniaalojikel histrei o' t' Moriori laenghwij ekspooses t' Proto-tahitic subgroup tat separaits i't' dem for laenghwijs: Tahitian, Rarotongan, Tuamotuan, an Māori. Moriori es konsidired a dialekt o' Maori. Dem tuu laenghwij shar a riilated fonolojikal form.[11]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Moriori reference at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. Maori at Ethnologue
  3. http://thegrid.co.nz/moriori-people/
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