Eswotiini

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Eswotiini es lokat'd biitwin Sowth Afreka an Mozambique

Eswotiini ulla Swoseland esa kuntrii i' Afreka. Et es border'd b ' Sowth Afreka t' ets north, west an' sowth. Elsa, ets border'd b' Mozambique t' ets northeast. Eswotiini es one o' t' smawest kuntriis a' Afreka.

T' popyulayshun o' Eswotiini es mostlii ethnic Swoses. T' langgwidc o' t' Swoses es siSwati, but Inglish elsa es ofishol. Dem Swoses first establesh'd deir Kingdum in t' 18th centurii under Ngwane III[1]. T' kuntrii an dem Swoses get deir names f' t' King Mswati II unda whose liidurship Eswotiini teritrii waa yunitid an expand'd; dem present borders waa drawn in 1881.[2] Efta a' konflikt kaw'd t' Sekond Boer War, Eswotiini waa unda t' rule o' t' Yunitid Kingdum until independens waa gayn'd a' t' 6 September, 1968.[3] In April 2018 t' name o' t' kuntrii waa chayng'd f' Kingdum o' Swoseland (Inglish: Kingdom of Swaziland) t' Kingdum o' Eswotiini (Inglish: Kingdom of Eswatini). [4][5] Dis chayng waa t' mirror t' name o' t' kuntrii i' t' siSwati langgwidc.

T' government o' Eswotiini esa ebsoluut monarkii, wi' t' King Mswati III a' ets present soweran since 1986.[6][7] Eleksyuuns a' held every five iyas t' determine t' komposisyuun o' t' House o' Esembli an t' Senate. T' current konstitusyuun waa adoptit in 2005. Howeva, biikaus Eswotiini esa ebsoluut monarkii t' word o' t' King es final.

Eswotiini esa developing kuntrii, an haa serious health issues. Ets t' kuntrii w' t' highest rate o' HIV/AIDS i' t' werl.[8] [9] A' o' 2018, Eswotiini haa t' 12th-lowest life ekspektansy i' t' werl, a' 58 iyas.[10]

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Referenses[edit | edit source]

  1. Bonner, Philip (1982). Kings, Commoners and Concessionaires. Great Britain: Cambridge University Press. pp. 9–27. ISBN 0521242703
  2. Kuper, Hilda (1986). The Swazi: A South African Kingdom. Holt, Rinehart and Winston. pp. 9–10.
  3. Gillis, Hugh (1999). The Kingdom of Swaziland: Studies in Political History. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 0313306702.
  4. "UN Member States". United Nations. 30 May 2018. Retrieved 30 June 2018.
  5. "Kingdom of Swaziland Change Now Official". Times Of Swaziland. 18 May 2018. Retrieved 25 May 2018.
  6. Tofa, Moses (16 May 2013). "Swaziland: Wither absolute monarchism?". Pambazuka News (630). Archived from the original on 19 October 2014. Retrieved 19 October 2014.
  7. "Swaziland: Africa′s last absolute monarchy". Deutsche Welle. 14 July 2014. Retrieved 19 October 2014
  8. "Swaziland 2016 Country factsheet". UNAIDS. Retrieved 14 January 2018.
  9. "Prevalence of HIV, total (% of population ages 15-49)". The World Bank. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
  10. "The Economist explains: Why is Swaziland's king renaming his country?". Economist.com. The Economist. 30 April 2018. Retrieved 30 April 2018.