Dem Kuuk Ailen Maaori

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Dem Cook Ailen Māori
Māori Kuki Airani
Native to Dem Cook Ailen, Nyuu Ziilan
Region Dem Cook Ailen
Native speakers 13 620 i' dem Cook Ailen  (2016)[1]
7 725 i' Nyuu ZIilan (2013)
Laenghwij family
Dialects
Laenghwij codes
ISO 639-3 rar
Linguasphere 52-CAP-aaa

Dem Kuuk Ailen Maaori esa Iistern Polynesian language. Ets t' ofishol laenghwij o' dem Cook Ailen an esa indijenus laenghwij o' t' Realm o' Nyuu Ziilan. Dem Cook Ailen Māori es rilii riilated t' Nyuu Ziilan Maaori but es wan laenghwij. Dem Cook Ailen Māori es simplii kaul'd Māori wen deir es no niid t' disambigyuait et f' Nyuu Ziilan Maaori, but ets known as Māori Kūki 'Āirani (o Maori Kuki Airani), o, controvershulii, Rarotongan, tuu. Mani o' dem Kuuk Ailendas also kaul et Te reo Ipukarea, literalii "t' laenghwij o' t' Ansestral Hoemlan".

Ofishol Stetus[edit | edit source]

Dem Kuuk Ailen Maaori b' kam a ofishol laenghwij o' Dem Kuuk Ailen i' 2003, but haufs no ofishol stetus i' Nyuu Ziilan, despiit t' fakt tat Nyuu Ziilan es signatorii t' t' Yunitid Nayshuns Declarayshun a' t' Riits o' Indijenus Piopels.

Te Reo Maori Akt definishun[edit | edit source]

T' Te Reo Maori Act staits tat Maaori:

(sii ekstirnal links).

Pukapukan es konsidir'd b' skolars an' talas tuu t' b' a distinkt laenghwij moor rilii riilated t' Sāmoan and Tokelauan t' Dem Kuuk Ailen Maaori. Et b'longs t' t' Samoic subgroup o' t' Polynesian laenghwij family. T' intenshun b'hiind encludin' Pukapukan i' t' definishun o' Te Reo Maori wos t' meik shur o' ets protecshun.

Dem dialekts o' t' Iist Polynesian warietiis o' Dem Kuuk Ailen (colectivlii refirr'd t' as Dem Kuuk Ailen Maaori) ar:

  • Rakahanga-Manihiki
  • Penrhyn (Tongarevan o Mangarongaro);
  • Sowthern: Rarotongan, Ngā Pū Toru (the dialects of Atiu, Mitiaro and Mauke), Aitutaki, Mangaia.

Dem Cook Ailen Māori es rilii relatid t' Tahitian an Nyuu Ziilan Māori, an deir es a degrii o' mushual intelijibilitii wit' both o' dese laenghwijs.

T' laenghwij es teoreticalii regulatid b' t' Kopapa Reo meik'd i' 2003, but dis organisayshun es currentlii dorment.

Writin sistem an pronunsiayshun[edit | edit source]

Deir esa debait o' t' stendardisayshun o' t' writin sistem. Alla t' yuusej a' t' macron (־) te makarona an t' glottel stawp amata (ꞌ) (/ʔ/) es rekommendid, mos talas don't yuus t' tuu diakritiks i' dialii writin. Dem Cook Ailen Māori Revis'd Nyuu Testament yuuses a stendardis'd ortografii (spellin sistem) tat encludes t' diakritiks wen dey're fonemic but nor elsabout.

Consonants[edit | edit source]

Labial Alweolar Welar Glottel
Naysal m n ŋ
Plosiv p t k ʔ
Tap ɾ
Frikativ f1 v s2 h3
  1. Onli i' Manihiki
  2. Onli i' Penrhyn
  3. Onli i' Manihiki an Penrhyn

Wowels[edit | edit source]

Frunt Centrel Bak
Klos i iː u uː
Klose-mid e eː o oː
Open a aː

Gramma[edit | edit source]

Dem Cook Ailen Māori es an isolatin laenghwij wit' a rilii smaal morfolojii. Kaas es mark'd b' t' partikul tat inishiaits a nown frase, an lik most o' dem Iist Polynesian laenghwijs, dem Cook Ailen Māori haufs nominativ-accusativ kas markin.

T' unmark'd konstituent orduh es predicait inishul. Tat es, werb inishul i' werbal frases an nominal-predicaot inishul i' non-werbal frases.

Notes[edit | edit source]

  1. Dem Kuuk Ailen Maaori reference at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)